The native Archicad material editor supports only a texture and a transparency value – not necessarily sufficient to create visually stunning images such as the ones our users usually achieve .
To this affect, Enscape provides its own Material Editor specifically for Archicad to allow all Archicad users better access to powerful materials such as Bump- and Reflectivity maps.
In addition to this Knowledgebase Article, you will also find other tips and tricks in this Enscape Blog post.
Different amounts of bump on the wood floor
To open the Enscape material editor, simply click the Enscape Materials button in the Enscape Toolbar:
Enscape Material Editor in Archicad
On opening the Material Editor, the window will first prompt you to “Select a material to edit it.” – so simply select any material of your choice from the list of material present in the project on the left hand side of that dialog.
Material Editor with no material selected for editing.
The Enscape Material Editor will then display the parameters available for that selected material for further editing.
Material Editor showing a project's materials already created, as well as the material search facility.
The “Generic” material type is suited for any materials that aren’t supposed to be rendered as grass blades, water surface, or have translucency applied.
This is the default material type and can be used for the majority of all possible materials.
The Generic Material Interface
The Albedo area controls the basic color of the surface you’re designing. You can either select a color, or choose a texture by clicking the [+] symbol. If choosing a texture, you’ll also receive a “Tint Color” menu, allowing you to easily change the color of the texture used. Control the amount of influence on your texture using the “Image Fade” slider. Of course, Enscape will use any UV information (texture placement) it gets from ArchiCAD directly.
The Albedo area with no texture applied
Albedo area with texture applied
Albedo Texture on Sphere
It is also possible to add a video texture to the Albedo texture slot. The following formats are currently supported: .mp4, .mpg, .m2v, .3gp, .avi, .mov, and .mk,
When selecting a video file as the Albedo texture, transparency-related material settings become unavailable, although applying a mask texture still remains possible. The adjustment or inversion of the brightness of the video texture is also unavailable, but Self-Illumination remains an option.
Video Texture assigned to Albedo slot in Enscape Material Editor
The Self Illumination setting, when enabled, tells Enscape to literally handle your material as if glowing, and emitting actual light. You can choose a brightness between 1 and 100000 candela per square meter (cd/m²), as well as the color of the light.
Self Illumination area
Checker texture applied to Self Illumination Color
The Transparency area lets you control the opacity of your model, or, in other words, the amount of light that can travel through the surface, allowing you to see what’s behind it.
The Transparency area
Transition from transparent sphere to one with transparency texture applied
The Height option in the Enscape Material Editor allows you to utilize so called Bump, Normal, or Displacement maps in order to simulate bumps, wrinkles and dents and the lighting of these.
Bump maps can be any black and white 2D images. They tell Enscape to interpret a surface as protruding (bright parts of the texture) or recessed (dark parts of the texture).
Normal map are a type of Bump map that require an image with RGB values. These RGB components correspond to the X, Y, and Z coordinates, respectively.
Displacement maps are an enhancement of the bump mapping or normal mapping techniques applied to textures. Normally an Occlusion Map is the type of image you will use for Displacement maps. The actual technique employed in Enscape is called quadtree parallax displacement mapping for optimum performance. It’s worth noting that Displacement maps are incompatible with transparent materials so the entire “Transparency” section becomes unavailable where a displacement map has been applied (including mask textures). Furthermore, the brightness of Displacement maps cannot be further adjusted or inverted when editing the texture inside the Enscape Material Editor itself.
Height maps are incredibly valuable for realism in your images and this can not be overstated enough!
Height maps can make for incredible surface detail and noise, without actually affecting or adding more geometry. You can use this feature for noise on concrete surfaces, wood, tiling, or even full reliefs! This can go a long way in convincing the viewer that they are looking at a realistic picture.
Textures that are available online, either paid for or free, will generally have a Normal, Bump / Height, Occlusion map included or available additionally to the basic Color texture.
It is also worth noting that normal based self-shadowing of material surfaces implemented. This feature further improves the depth perception of materials, especially with displacement maps. It’s active for sun light only when the Rendering Quality level is set to “High”. On Rendering Quality level “Ultra” artificial lights will also cast normal based shadows.
Applying a Bump Map
Applying a Normal Map
Applying a Displacement map
As powerful as this feature is, it’s very easy to setup. Just select an image file using the – button. A Bump map doesn’t even have to be black & white, as Enscape will take care of that for you.
Normal Maps must have an RGB value in them.
As already mentioned, Displacement maps would be best served with an occlusion map if available.
You can switch between using a Bump, Normal, and Displacement map via the Type drop down option.
Select the Intensity (Bump and Displacement) or Amount (Normal) of the effect, using the respectively named slider. Negative values for bump maps. will invert the effect, causing dark areas to stick out and bright areas to be pushed in.
Displacement Maps will only adjust the amount, whether negative or positive values, in the same single direction from the minimum height value.
The Bump Map Settings options
This area is all about the microscopic roughness of your material, determining how much of the environment you’ll see reflected in its surface.
The Reflection settings area
Sphere with checker texture applied as a Roughness Map
The Grass type material, as seen in the material editor, looks almost the same as the Generic type. While it’s lacking the Transparency part, it instead features a Grass Settings area. Apart from the Albedo area, which you can use to color your grass (also using a texture), the Height and Reflections parts are only useful if you plan to toggle the Grass Rendering setting on and off (this can be found in the Enscape General Settings -> Performance -> Grass/Carpet Rendering option).
'Grass' selected as material type
Changing the grass height
Randomizing the grass blades
The Carpet material acts in the same way as the Grass Material, in that it can be applied to a horizontal surface only, and the Height and Height Variation are controlled in the Enscape Material Editor.
Carpet Material (with Dog Asset) in ArchiCAD Settings
'Carpet' selected as Material Type and a texture applied
The Height and Height Variation Settings title is amended with Carpet when Carpet is selected as the Type in the Material Editor.
Carpet Type in Enscape Material Editor
Height and Height Variation sliders in the Material Editor
There are several parameters that can be adjusted in relation to the Enscape Water material.
The Water material will treat any surface it’s applied to as physical water.
Separate faces and materials have been used in this image
The Wave Settings sliders
Height: The Height slider controls the height – or intensity – of waves in water materials.
Size: The Size slider controls the overall scale of your water. This way you can adjust the water behavior for various project sizes, close ups etc.
No caustics to 100% caustics visibility
When selecting “Foliage” as material type, the Enscape Material Editor interface will look identical to when selecting “Generic” as type.
The difference this material type will cause is only visible on single-face objects. Please make sure the object you apply this material to doesn’t have any depth, and also that the material is applied to both sides of the face.
If these conditions are met, Enscape will apply Translucency to objects this material type is applied to. This means that, if the Sun (yes, this doesn’t work combined with artificial lighting) is located behind said surface, it will be illuminated on both sides. This is common in nature for example with leaves, which is why this is the most common use case for this type of material.
You can apply a material to two sides of the same face
Regular material on the left, Foliage material on the right
When selecting “Clearcoat” as material type, the Enscape Material Editor interface removes the transparency option altogether.
The Clearcoat material imitates the type of paint that you find on car bodies. So, essentially the Clearcoat is a transparent resin material, and the color is defined via the Albedo option in the Material Editor window.
This material, therefore, is shiny and reflective by default, although you do have the option to dial back the reflective properties, as well as add a bump map.
Clearcoat material with Enscape orange selected as the base color.
All texture slots used & their texture buttons above the settings
By clicking any of the texture symbols at the top of the material editor, or any of the blue and underlined image file names next to “Texture”, you’ll enter the actual texture editor interface.
Here you can
The Texture Editor interface is the same for any texture type. It’s meant to allow for simple image editing operations without having to leave the material editor.
The Texture Editor
Before introducing the Material Editor, Enscape would let you decide material properties using keywords you simply had to include in the material name. This framework is still included in the Enscape feature set, and can be used freely alongside the material editor for greater comfort.
These are the keywords to include in the Archicad Material Name to tell Enscape how to display it more realistically.
Keywords and their effects
|Water, Ocean, River||Draws the material as a water surface.|
|Vegetation, Foliage, Leaf||Adds translucency to thin surfaces (single face).|
|Emissive||Emissive material based on the material color.|
|Grass, Tall Grass, Wild Grass||Realistic grass material based on the underlying surface color.|
|Long Carpet, Short Carpet||A carpet material, either long or short, based on the underlying surface color or texture file.|
Keywords and their effects
Those keywords change the material parameters without changing their color. The color is still defined by the Archicad texture. The Archicad default roughness is 1.0.
|Steel, Copper, Metal, Aluminium||0,3||Metal|
|Carpaint, Polished, Acryl||0,02||–|
Have a look how at useful tips & tricks regarding this topic.